Lobster from Indonesia
We found serious news about lobster from indonesia, thanks to our Ministry of Marine Affair and Fisheries to release the regulation regarding this issues.
The ability of humans to create the trend has brought lobster out of its burrow, where in the 19th-century this creature was only known as a dish for common people who cannot afford the luxury life. Lobster, with a thick, hard skin and big claws, then began to get a prominent place for seafood lovers worldwide.
The rapid pace of the dynamic market for lobster, has boosted the lives of fishermen throughout the world, but the effects are fixed and predictable. Lobster fishery in South Lombok water, including the Central Lombok, once abundant, now are highly dependent on the season. From two lobsters collectors in the area of Gulf Mawun and Gerupuk which are observed, lobster catches in the month of May to the end of the year, when the blustery wind of south season happened, are very few or even had no capture at all.
When a large lobster is hard to get, no doubt seeds were harvested for the sake of continuing life. Knowledge of lobster has led the fishermen to create an effective fishing gear for catching lobster seeds, known as Pocong.
In order to sustain their lives, fishermen in the region of Central Lombok focused on catching lobster seeds using pocong gear mounted on a floating net cages. Pocong made of plastic sacks serve as a substrate for lobsters seeds and become a place for lobster seeds to latch on. Then the seeds were harvested by fishermen and brought to the shelter pools
Catching 0.5-1.5 cm of lobster seed is done every day throughout the year, except during the full moon. Within a day, the number of seeds that caught could reach 10,000 lobsters, harvesting up to 100,000 lobster seeds per month.
Each seed has a price tag around IDR 15.000. From collectors, those seeds are exported overseas such as Vietnam and China, then be grown until its reach the suitable size for consumption.
In a deeper perspective, the exploitation of lobster seeds is actually very detrimental to fisheries in Central Lombok. Economically, the price per head is very cheap, and ecologically, this condition contribute to negative impact on the lobster sustainability. Lobster life cycle needs a quite long time (3 – 4 years to reach juvenile). This massive exploitation of lobster juvenile cause the recruitment overfishing, threatening the sustainability of lobster stocks in natural life.
Indonesian Ministry of Marine Affair and Fisheries through Ministry Regulation Number 1 Year 2015 about Lobster (Panulirus spp.), Crab (Scylla spp.) and Blue Crab (Portunus Pelagicus) capture, has asserted in article 3 about the allowed capture size. Capture size allowed is lobster with the length of carapace above 8 cm and also required to rerelease of marine species in spawning condition.
This regulation will be implemented gradually, which eventually ensuring the recruitment of those three commodities in nature life. However, this condition is in contrast to the lobster seeds capture in Central Lombok. The capture of lobster below 8 cm length will destabilize the stocks which should have been supported by ministry regulation.
WWF Indonesia supports the implementation of such Regulation and deeply concern to the massive exploitation of lobster seeds capture in nature. As the mitigation effort from recruitment overfishing, one of the stages could be taken is livelihood diversion, exploring the avaliable of local fishery resources potential. Developing the local area potentials may provide other livelihood resources. If fisherman only relies on lobster capture, sooner or later the resources could run out.
The high demand for lobster makes this species is captured in many ways with a large quantity. If this condition continues to happen, some of world’s fishery experts expect that in 2048, the rest of world population will only consume jellyfish and plankton. WWF makes the effort to introduce “Sustainable Seafood” to consumer and encourage them to choose seafood wisely. Be a wise seafood lover by downloading the Seafood Guide.
Writer: Adrian Damora – Fisheries Science Officer WWF-Indonesia
Translation: Dynta Munardy